The katana, characterized by its distinctive appearance: a curved, slender, single-edged blade with a circular or squared guard and long grip to accommodate two hands. It has historically been associated with the samurai of feudal Japan, and has become renowned for its sharpness and strength.





The art of the Bo is called Bojutsu.  It is usually made of a hard wood like red or white oak, circular and tapered to the right height for the user.  Historically it was used by monks or commoners, due to it's easily attainable materials.


Techniques include thrusting, swinging and striking.  These often resemble empty hand movements, the philosophy being the Bo is merely an extension of one's limbs.


At the Academy of Martial arts it is possible to use thick doweling cut to the proper size in place of a traditional BO.


The martial art of wielding a jo is called jojutsu of jodo.  The Jo is similar in use to the Bo but shorter in length, about 4 feet long.  The extra length was meant to give the user an advantage over the sword.  The wood construction allowed a fighter to improvise a jo from a tree branch or other pole.  They were commonly used as walking sticks.



At the Academy of Martial arts it is possible to use thick doweling cut to the proper size in place of a traditional Jo.



The Japanese War Fan was designed for use in warfare and used by the samurai class in feudal Japan.  It is a real fan with wood or metal ribs covered in paper, fabric or metal.


The art of fighting with a war fan is called Tessenjutsu.  It has been used historically to defeat attacks from katana, spears, throwing weapons, arrows and darts.  It was also used as an aid for swimming, a sun shade or to signal troops.



The Sai is a weapon of a pointed or prong shaped metal baton.

It has been used through out history under several forms before making it's way to Okinawa and Japan.


The Sai is typically used as a pair, one in each hand.  It is mostly used as a striking weapon for short jabs to the centre of the body, but the use also includes blocks, parries and capture techniques.  It can be held in different ways giving it the versatility to be lethal or non lethal. 




The tonfa, usually used in pairs, is a stick with a handle about 15 to 20 inches long, traditionally made from red oak.


The origins of the tonfa are up in the air but some experts believe the tonfa was developed from a wooden handle of a millstone.  Today the tonfa is the basis for side handle police baton, but the combat application is different.


The tonfa can be held in many ways.  Using the tonfa involves learning the ability to switch between different grips quickly, requiring great manual dexterity.  The tonfa forms are reflective of karate techniques.





Used in pairs and typically constructed from Rattan, the Eskrima stick or Yantok is a part of the martial art of the Philippines, Eskrima.  Eskrima is sometimes known as Kali.


The sticks can be used to defend against other sticks, knives and other bladed weapons giving the user an extended range for defence.


Practice can be done with a partner or alone in drills or heavy bag work.




Sometimes referred to as the kai or double kai, the kama was once a farming tool, similar to a scythe it is now used in many different schools of martial art.


It can be used alone or in pairs it can block, trap and disarm an opponent as well.  In the past the blade would be kept sharp for battle but today are made with intentionally dull blades for practice and demonstration.